What is Obesity?

Is Obesity the same as Overweight?

Obesity is actually a more severe form of overweight.

It is a condition where a person’s weight increases far above his ideal weight and starts causing him to have various kinds of health issues.

BODY MASS INDEX is the measure for comparison of body weight and body type.

A person is considered obese if his body weights exceeds by 20% than that of recommended.

Obesity is considered a Lifestyle Disease. Unhealthy lifestyle choices such as, Inactivity and Laziness, sedentary working habits and Wrong diet, play a major role in its development.

Obesity has become a Global Epidemic in recent times. The number of obese individuals is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide.
And India is also not immune to it.

According to the study published in a noted medical journal LANCET India is ranked fifth worldwide in the total number of Obese individuals.

Yes Obesity does feel like primarily a cosmetic issue but it is not so. Obesity does a lot of harm to our body. Obese people have a higher chance of developing High blood pressure, heart attacks, Diabetes mellitus, High blood cholesterol etc than people who have proper weight. These health issues are collectively referred to as Metabolic Syndrome.

In recent years Obesity has started affecting people at younger age as compared to the past leading to devastating health conditions earlier in life.

Types of Obesity

According to the body fat distribution obesity is classified into following two types

1. Somatic/Subcutaneous Obesity : [Sub: Beneath/below and Cutaneous: Skin]

This type of obesity is associated with accumulation of fat below skin. In places such as arms, underarms, hips, thighs, belly etc.

Normally under our skin we all have a layer of fat which is normal. If excess amounts of fat gets deposited in this layer it leads to various harmful health effects. It is the visible sign of being overweight.

2. Visceral Obesity :  Here Viscera means Internal organs or Organs inside our body cavity.

This kind of fat gets accumulated around organs present within body cavity e.g. abdomen, intestines, liver, kidney etc. This kind of deposition of fat is not seen on the outside as obesity as it remains hidden. So a person might appear thin though he may be having a large amount of visceral fat. This makes it more dangerous because majority of abnormal health conditions like, Heart problems, Insulin resistance, high blood pressure are associated with this kind of fat.

Obesity can also be classified according to body type.

1. Apple Shape Obesity :  Here excess amount of fat is accumulated around waistline. Most of the time it is associated with both excess visceral as well as somatic fat. Apple shape obesity is most commonly associated with metabolic syndrome and related health hazards.

2. Pear Shape Obesity : Here excess amount of body fat gets accumulated around hip and thigh region. With relatively thin waist. Subcutaneous fat contributes more in this kind of obesity.

obesity