Dietary fiber is an edible portion of plants (A type of complex carbohydrate) that resists digestion in stomach and small intestine but gets partially fermented in the large intestine.
Human body lacks such enzymes which can digest it completely. Dietary fibershave a very low caloric valuebut it occupies more space than other food stuffs within digestive tract which gives a sense of fullness & imparts early satiety.
Dietary fibers are classified into two broad categories;
Within Large intestine the Soluble fiber attracts water& gets dissolved in it forming a gel like substance.
It slows down theprocess of digestion,which delays and decreases the absorption of fats and sugars from digestive tract into the blood.
Slowing down of digestive process provides enough time for the formation of sufficient volume of stools.
Soluble fibers get fermented by the gut microorganisms. During this process, certain gases and products of fermentation like (Butyrate, short chain fatty acids) are formed.
These products of fermentation contribute in the growth ofGood bacteria within the large intestine, which imparts positive effects on many bodily functions and health in general.
Insoluble fibersdo not get dissolved in thewater within our digestive tract.
They also do not get fermented by the gut bacteria.
It acts as a bulk forming agent.
It enhances the movement of stools through the digestive tract and speeds up the digestive process.
THE DAILY REQUIREMENT OF FIBERS IN DIET IS APPROX. 25-30gms/day.
WHAT ARE THE SOURCES OF DIETARY FIBERS?
The sources of SOLUBLE FIBERS are,
The sources of INSOLUBLE FIBERS are as follows
Whole wheat, Wheat flour
Nuts and Seeds
Beans & Lentils
Green leafy vegetables like spinach, lettuce, etc.
‘Wealth’ is what enriches and ‘divine wealth’ is enrichment that comes along with grateful awareness that we owe this wealth to ‘The Divine’. We are talking here about the divine wealth that is ‘health’