04 Mar 2016

Water : the Essential Element of Life

Are We drinking enough Fluids daily?

Most of us would answer this question as NO. An average healthy human being needs to consume 3.7 litres of fluids per day. If less amount is consumed then it causes dehydration whereas if excess quantities are consumed it causes extra load on our kidneys.

Why should we drink sufficient water per day?

First of all we must understand that water is one of the most important constituents of the human body. As far as the human blood is concerned, 80 % of the human blood is made of water. Similarly water is also as important constituent of many other body organs and body tissues. Hence proper water intake is a must to maintain a healthy body. The water content of various body systems is displayed below.


What role does water play in our body?



How do we end up with dehydration?

The water balance in our body is maintained mainly by the kidneys. Most of the water we drink is excreted from our body either as urine, sweat or through stools.

When we drink less water or lose more water we end up with dehydration.

Acute Dehydration:

When we lose water too rapidly during severe episodes of vomiting or diarrhoea, we end up having Acute Dehydration which is a life threatening condition and needs to be treated by a doctor at earliest. Generally this is caused due to sudden loss of water and fluid from the body.

Chronic Dehydration:

When we drink less water every day, then over a period of time we develop what is called Chronic Dehydration. In this condition the body is losing water at the normal rate but we are drinking less water than necessary so eventually we develop dehydration.

This develops more slowly as compared to acute dehydration.

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